Travel to Lugu Lake, Yunnan Province
9-11 days

Idyllic Lugu Lake & Walking Marriages

Lugu Lake: Travel to the "Kingdom of Daughters"

Cultural Tours
Private Tours

This wonderful journey gives you an insight into the cultural and ethnic variety of the Yunnan Province in south-west China. You travel to the idyllic Lugu Lake with the unique matriarchal society of the Mosuo, visit the Pudacuo National Park and  travel to Baisha, the former capital of the Naxi Kingdom. While you travel through the stunning landscapes of Northern Yunnan you come across century old villages, Tibetan monasteries, deep gorges and colorful ethnic groups. A tour which will inspire even the experienced traveler!

Tour Information

Travel information for your journey Lugu Lake in Yunnan Province, China

The Mosuo at Lugu Lake in Yunnan: the last matriarchal society

Geographically, culturally and ethnically the Yunnan Province in South-West China is one of the most attractive region in China for travelers.

From the stunning landscapes of the eastern Tibetan plateau you travel south to the famous, UNESCO protected old town of Lijiang. Lijiang not only inspires with its stunning backdrops, the snowcapped Jade Dragon Mountain, the cobblestone lanes, canals of melted snow but also with its beautiful natural surroundings and the rich cultural heritage.

On your journey to Lijiang you come across the impressive Tiger Leaping Gorge, reportedly one of the deepest canyons in the world. Wedged between the Jade Dragon Mountain and the Haba Mountain range the Tiger Leaping Gorge got its name from a story describing how a tiger escaped it’s hunters by leaping across the Yangtze River in one go.

Travel to Lugu Lake and the Mosuo Matriarchal Society

Journey to the magnificent Lugu Lake in Yunnan Province in south-west China

The journey to the idyllic Lugu Lake across the stunning Landscape of Northern Yunnan is another highlight of this tour.

Straddling the Yunnan/Sichuan border the Lugu Lake lies at an altitude of 2’685m above sea level, the highest expanse of water in the Yunnan province.

The locals also call Lugu Lake “Xienami”, which means “Mother Lake” or sea. Its shores are mainly inhabited by the Yi, Mosuo, Norzu, Pumi and Tibetan minorities. Probably the best known ethnic group around Lake Lugu is the Mosuo.

The Mosuo  in Yunnan Province follow an ancient practice whereby a flexible form of cohabitation takes the place of formal marriage. A Mosuo woman can therefore have several “husbands” and the family names pass from mother to daughter.

Travel the Yunnan Province along ancient trading routes

Travel to Shaxi Village in Yunnan Province, China

Via Lijiang you travel to Shaxi. The old town of Shaxi was once an important stop on the legendary “Tea and Horse Road”, an ancient trading route between the tea growing areas in South Yunnan and Tibet. Though the glorious times of the horse caravans are long over, the remnants of this once vibrant trade route are still visible today at every corner around the idyllic old town.

The bustling city of Kunming and the Stone Forest near Lunan are other highlights of this tour and stand in a fascinating contrast to the quiet, laid back atmosphere in the North.

The drive from Lijiang to Lugu Lake takes about 5 hrs. and you travel across parts of the Yunnan Province that are not often visited by Western travelers. A certain understanding for the local customs and practices is required for this tour.

Lugu Lake Travel Information

A trip by car from Lijiang to Lugu Lake takes about 5-6 hours. Lugu Lake is located about 200km northeast of Lijiang on the border to neighboring Sichuan Province. From Panzhihua or Xichang on the Sichuan side the travel times are approximately the same.

Lugu Lake is the highest alpine Lake in Yunnan Province in South-West China

Due to the relatively long travel time to Lugu Lake it is recommended to stay at least 2 nights. Meanwhile there are many guesthouses and hotels around Lugu Lake, ranging from the simple guesthouse to the luxurious 5 Star Resort. The most popular places for an overnight stay are Lige, Gemu and Daju on the northern side of Lugu Lake. However, there are also less frequented villages around the lake to spend the night.

From Gemu you can travel by a chairlift up to "Goddess Mountain", from where you can enjoy a magnificent view of the lake and the surrounding mountains. Since the construction of the airport near Ninglang, a trip to Lugu Lake has become easier. However, the airport is located about 60km south of Lugu lake. In addition, there are only a very limited number of flights from Kunming to Ninglang Airport. The road around the lake is also very suitable for a bicycle tour. The entrance fee to Lugu Lake is 80 RMB.


Tour Map

"...we would also like to thank our guide Adam again. To travel together with him was really pleasant..."

   Heidi from Germany

"...we would like to express our gratitude to you for arranging such a beautiful journey for us..."

   Matt from U.S.

Tour Itinerary


Kunming capital of Yunnan Province
Journey to Kunming capital of Yunnan Province, China

Arrival in Kunming, the capital of the Province Yunnan in South-West China. Transfer to your hotel.

The city of Kunming is located at 1900 meters above sea level. Because of the all year round pleasant, spring like climate Kunming was nicknamed “The Spring City”.

Depending on your arrival time you make a first stroll through the Kunming Business District.

You visit the East-West Pagodas for the 9th century and the former City Gates. (Jin Ma Bi Ji).

Dinner takes place at a typical Yunnan Restaurant where you get a taste of the mouthwatering Yunnan cuisine.


The Stone Forest near Kunming, Yunnan Province

After breakfast take a stroll through the nearby Green Lake Park, a popular gathering point for the local population, to see the locals engaged in their morning workouts, practice Tai Chi, and enjoy social dancing.

Drive to the Stone Forest of Lunan where years of rain and erosion left behind a bizarre and impressive landscape of limestone pillars which, with a little imagination, indeed resembles a forest.

You have a walk through the maze of paths and walkways leading through this natural wonderland and learn more about the Sani people, an ethnic minority populating the area.

Drive back to Kunming. Overnight accommodation is in Kunming, capital of the Yunnan Province.


Visit Songtsam Monastery in Zhongdian, China

Flight to Zhongdian, which recently changed its name and is now called "Shangri-La".

Zhongdian is situated amongst a stunning landscape on the eastern Tibetan plateau at about 3200 meters above sea level. 

You take a walk through the picturesque old town of Zhongdian before heading for the Ganden Sumtseling Gompa, a 300 years old impressive Tibetan Monastery. Destroyed during the Cultural Revolution, the Ganden Sumpseling Gompa is now again one of the most important Buddhist monasteries in the area.

Furthermore your local tour guide will provide you with an insight to the rich and colorful Tibetan culture. 

Overnight accommodation takes place in Zhongdian.


Pudacuo National Park near Zhongdian, Yunnan

In the morning travel to the Pudacuo National Park which is located about 20km to the north-east of Zhongdian.

This beautiful National Park covers an area of 300km2 and includes the two crystal clear lakes of Bita and Shudu.

Located at 3’500 Meters above sea level, Pudacuo is regarded as the first region in China to actually achieve the status of “National Park of China”.

Drive back to Zhongdian / Shangri La. Your hotel is conveniently located near the old town. This way you can explore Zhongdian old town easily on your own.

Overnight accommodation in Zhongdian / Shangri-La Old Town


Enriching encounters with the locals in Lijiang

Drive through magnificent landscape toward Lijiang. 

Half way you take a left turn into the impressive “Tiger Leaping Gorge” (Hu Tiao Xia), where the Yangtze waters are squeezed through a narrow, at some places only 20 meters wide gorge. Truly spectacular and noisy scenery, especially from July to September when water levels of the Yangtze River are the highest.

After lunch continue to Shigu village, to see the famous "First Bend", where the Yangtze River is making an abrupt 180 degrees turn and flows for several kilometers, parallel to itself towards the north again.

Continue to Lijiang. Check-in at your hotel right inside the old town of Lijiang.

Day 6:   LIJIANG

UNESCO Protected Lijiang Old Town

You take a stroll through the maze of narrow lanes and canals crisscrossing the picturesque Lijiang old town. Lijiang was listed by the UNESCO as a World Heritage site in 1992.

Visit the wonderful "Black Dragon Pool" Park, from where, weather permitting, one has a spectacular view of the 5'596 Meters high "Jade Dragon Mountain" (Yu Long Shan).

Continue to the Dongba Museum and drive to Baisha. The Baisha village used to be the capital of the once powerful Naxi Kingdom. You visit the Liuli temple with beautiful wall paintings from the late Ming Dynasty.

Visit Yuhu village, a romantic village where the Austrian-American Botanist Joseph Rock used to live from 1922 to 1949. 

In the evening optional visit of a Dongba Concert, the typical Naxi Music. Naxi Dongba Music is a sort of very old and unique Taoist Temple music. Its history can be traced back to the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-221 B.C). It is believed that the famous General Chukoliang brought the music to Lijiang during the Period of the 3 Kingdoms (221- 65 B.C.)


Scenic journey to Lugu Lake in Yunnan Province

You travel across the stunning scenery of Northern Yunnan towards the idyllic Lugu Lake.

The picturesque alpine Lugu Hu (Lugu Lake) is located in Northern Yunnan, overlapping the border to the Sichuan Province.

Along the way to Lugu Lake you pass various Yi, Lisu and Pumi villages. The elder Yi women can still be seen wearing their traditional colorful skirts and their oversized black hats.

Upon arrival visit a viewpoint with panoramic views over the Lugu Lake. You visit a Tibetan Monastery and take a leisurely boat ride on the lake.

You stay overnight at a hotel near Lugu Lake.


The Lugu Lake in Yunnan Province, China is home to the Mosuo ethnic group

Situated at 2’690 meters above sea level, Lugu Lake (Lugu Hu) is the highest lake of the Yunnan Province and with a depth of 90 meters the second-deepest in China.

The locals also call Lugu Lake “Xienami”, which means “Mother Lake” or sea. Its shores are mainly inhabited by the Yi, Mosuo (Mosu), Norzu, Pumi and Tibetan ethnic groups.

Probably the best known ethnic group is the Mosuo (Mosu). The Mosuo (Mosu) follow an ancient practice, whereby a flexible form of cohabitation takes place of formal marriage.

Take a two hours walk around the lake and visit the home of a local Mosuo Family near Lugu Lake.

Drive to Lijiang. Check-in at your hotel in Lijiang.


Traditional Shaxi Village in Yunnan Province, China

Early morning you leave Lijiang and travel towards Shaxi. The rustic village Shaxi was formerly an important stop on the Tea and Horse trail from Yunnan to Tibet.

The village of Shaxi has recently been renovated with the help of the Swiss government. You take a walking tour around this idyllic Bai village.

In the afternoon visit Shibao Mountain.

The impressive rock carvings of Shibao Mountain are over 1300 years old and are testimony of the spread of Mahayana Buddhism in the region.

Overnight accommodation is at a traditional wooden Bai House with a 150 years old history!


Travel to Dali Old Town in Yunnan Province, China

On the way to Dali you stop at Xizhou. The village of Xizhou is famous for its well-preserved Bai architecture and is now what Dali used to be about 20 years ago.

Continue to Dali. Dali is situated on the eastern shores of the stunning Erhai Lake on the foot of the 4000m high Cang Shan mountain range. During the 9th century Dali served as capital of the once powerful Nanzhao and later the Dali Kingdoms, before the historical town was overrun by the Mongols about 400 years later.

You visit the recently renovated 3 Pagodas of the San Ta Si Monastery from the 9th century.

The rest of the afternoon is at your own disposal for the exploration of the picturesque old town of Dali.


Transfer to either the train station (15km) or to the airport (25km). End of your trip to Lugu Lake. From Dali you can travel by high-speed train back to Kunming in about 2 hours. Dali also has an airport from where you can continue your journey to many major cities in China like Kunming, Chengdu, Beijing or Shanghai.


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